We all know about nutrition or nourishment is the supply of food materials for living organisms to stay healthy and alive. According to World Health Organization (WHO), Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary need. Good nutrition – an adequate, well-balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity.
Within the last half century, our food has been drastically changed. Things we eat now are not the same as they were once.
We wonder what people will be eating 50 years from now?
Experts say the diet after 2050 people will revolve less around meat and more around bugs.
- Will we still enjoy all the same sights and smells of food as we do now? Or,
- Should we expect something completely different? Or,
- Will overpopulation force us to change our diet? Or,
- Will veganism be the lifestyle of the overgrowing population?
However, Experts says the realities of agriculture and economics will convince more of us to become vegetarians. Professor Sheenan Harpaz of the Volcani Center in Beit Dagan, Israel says,
“As the price of raising livestock goes up, we’ll eat less beef and more fish.”
He predicts that our dependence on genetic engineering will continue to increase as we make efforts to feed the growing population. Crops will be made more resistant to pests and viruses but food will look the same as it does today. Harpaz predicts a focus on function over form i.e. “Functional foods,” like their natural counterpart will be designed to provide added value to health-conscious consumers. This will be done not only through biotechnology, but through diet, trends to contribute a better and healthy lifestyle. So after 2050, markets will be stocked with functional foods. Food will be more expensive to meet the daily nutrition among the people.
Will the food we eat be tasteless? What will the digital future of food and nutrition look like?
In the future people with specific nutritional needs will be able to access foods that have been made for their personal needs. The future of printing healthy 3D Meals and the food prepared by an individual according to his own health is probably not that far away. Advances in agricultural technology, means meat, fishes and eggs will be grown in laboratory and insects will soon be marketed as a high-quality protein. The experts think developing countries will come to rely on some type of compact food rations similar to NASA’s famous astronaut packets – nutritionally fortified energy bars, biscuits or dehydrated snacks – to help feed the growing numbers of hungry people. These foods are functional to provide maximum nutrition to the people. 3D printers will help meet the demand for food among the people. Otherwise, good old energy bars will do the job.
Will Insects be the food for future?
It may seem unappetizing to some, but creepy crawlies such as crickets, caterpillars and silkworms could be the future of food. According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UN), insects that are edible contain high-quality protein, vitamins and amino acids for humans. Moreover, the FAO states that they possess a “high food conversion rate,” which requires “six times less feed than cattle.” Industrial-scale bug farming is not yet a reality, but some companies from Israel have recently started to produce insect-based foods commercially. It may sound gross to most of us, but insects are known to be highly nutritious.
Another healthy eating challenge is algae. Algae contain more calcium, protein, iron, vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants than any known fruit or vegetable. These aquatic plants can be farmed in pools just like fish. They are much cheaper and more abundant.
It seems that our food after 50 years will include healthier nutritional profiles for the well being.
It has been a challenge to improve the food of the future from the issue of genetic engineering. With the help of genetic engineering, it will be possible to develop strains of non-allergenic peanuts or flood-resistant rice.