Almost all water from the rivers eventually meets the sea (not including evaporated water). Furthermore, there are many rivers in the world that don’t flow to the sea, either directly or indirectly by joining other rivers. There are locations that don’t drain into any oceans or drain into large bodies of salt water that are not connected to oceans.
Most Indian rivers meet larger rivers as tributaries or flow into the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea. But in this post, you will know about such a mysterious river in India which does not meet any sea or ocean at the end of its course. This interesting river is Luni.
The Mysterious Luni River
The Luni River begins near Ajmer in the Pushkar valley of the western Aravalli Range at an elevation of about 550m. At this point, the river is also known as the Sabarmati. The river then flows in the southwest direction through the hills and plains of the Marwar region in Rajasthan.
The river flows south-west and enters the Thar Desert before dissipating into the Rann of Kutch, traversing a total of 495 km. In spite of the high salinity, it is a major river in the region and serves as a primary source of irrigation. The Luni is not saline until it reaches Balotra, where high salt content in the soil impacts the river.
At the origin, this river is called as ‘Sagarmati’. After passing Govindgarh, near Pushkar, it meets its tributary Saraswati, which originates from Pushkar Lake. Then, it is called as ‘Luni River’. It ends in Barine near Rann of Kutch in Gujrat. The drainage area of Luni is called Neda (Rel) in Jalore.
It is a unique river, but many people in India are not very familiar with its existence. The Luni is one of the few west-flowing rivers. It is one of the few rivers that flows into the western part of Rajasthan, which is mostly desert land. Because of the high salinity of its water, the Luni is also known as Lavanaravi or Lavanavati (salt river in Sanskrit).
The major left bank tributaries of Luni River is Jojri River while the major right bank tributaries of Luni River are Jawai, Khari, Sukri, Bandi, (Hemawas), Sagi etc. The Dantiwada dam and Sipu dam are built on the Luni River. The mean annual rainfall over the Luni Basin was computed as 320 mm, of which about 97% falls during the four Monsoon months (June-September).
Why It Does Not Meet Any Sea Or Ocean?
The river Luni have internal drainage and get lost in the Thar desert. As Luni flows through Rajasthan, the hot temperature and lack of rainfall become the reason for an irregular supply of immense water. As the river is located in deserts, the sandy terrain of the region does not let the river cut a deep bed and the water overflows the banks creating a wider channel as the river progresses forward. Despite being saline, river Luni is also a major source of irrigation in the parched regions of Rajasthan which leads to excessive pumping out of water for agriculture or other purposes that reduces the quantity of water to great extent. Towards its mouth, the river is shallow enough to evaporate from the surface.
Where To See Luni In Its Best Form?
The river receives maximum precipitation during the monsoon season. You can see Luni in its full flow at Balotra in Barmer district of Rajasthan during this season. You may also visit Barmer during the Annual Thar Festival held in early March.
Some Facts And Information About Luni River
★ There are several important developments has been devoted by this River in the Rajasthan state in terms of using the rivers to its best extent for irrigation and power generation purposes. The construction of Jaswant Sagar in the year 1892 was being considered a big leap in the regard of this River for making its best use.
★ The ruler of that time of this region, Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur took the initiative to construct a dam on this strategic location of the Pichiyak village located in the midst of Bilara and Bhavi in the Jodhpur District in Rajasthan to ensure that Luni River could be used for best purposes in the region.
★ Today, this location is being considered for the largest artificial lake in the whole nation. More than 12,000 acres of lands are being irrigated with the water of this River without facing any sort of problem. This River is also known as Lavanavari which means Salt River in Sanskrit.