Acne is a condition of the skin that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. It is an inflammatory skin disease that results in whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules. It leaves the skin with scars.
Human skin has pores that connect oil glands under the skin. Follicles connect the glands to the pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce and secrete liquid-like substance.
The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.
Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
It affects many people aged 14 to 22 years.
Acne pimples vary in types.
- Occluded pores also are known as blackheads or whiteheads,
- Tender red bumps are also known as pimples.
- Pustules (bumps containing pus).
- Cysts (deep pimples).
Here are some of the tips for looking after the skin that has acne or is prone to it.
- Wash your face twice each day with warm water and good quality fash wash or cleanser.
- Do not scrub the skin or pop out the pimples, as this may push the infection further down, causing more blocking, swelling, and redness.
- Avoid popping pimples, as this makes scars on your face.
- A specialist can treat a pimple that requires rapid removal for cosmetic reasons.
- Refrain from touching the face.
- Hold the telephone away from the face when talking, as it is likely to contain sebum and skin residue.
- Wash your hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
- Clean spectacles regularly as they collect sebum and skin residue.
- If acne is on the back, shoulders, or chest, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
- Choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
- Keep hair clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue. Avoid greasy hair products, such as those containing cocoa butter.
- Eat less oily junk food which causes oil production in your body.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum. Several acne medications increase the risk of sunburn.
- Use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving. Soften the skin and beard with warm soapy water before applying shaving cream.
- Try to keep cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.
- Avoid anxiety and stress, as it can increase production of cortisol and adrenaline, which increases the cause of acne.