It is important for personal computers to have a good cooling solution for reducing the heat generated from the components or parts of CPU’s or else the heat will destroy the vital parts needed to run a computer. Though air fan coolers are common nowadays for normal pc cooling, they can’t provide you best cooling in case of high end pcs, high editing tasks or fps pc builds. So to tackle these problems and taking efficiency in mind innovative technologies are needed for prevention. This post is about such five awesome personal computer cooling technologies for overheating interception.
1:- Liquid Nitrogen Cooling
This technology is usually not for normal pc users. It can be used in case of high-end pcs to control the overheating caused by overclocking the CPU’s. Liquid nitrogen cooling is specifically designed to achieve huge frequencies of over 6 GHz on a processor (even up to 8 GHz). The temperature is maintained by combining a thermos of liquid nitrogen with a blowtorch. If the CPU gets too hot, more liquid nitrogen is added. If it gets too cold, the blowtorch is used to heat things back up. This system is silent and the chance for error is incredibly low because it cools the heat instantly. The container used to hold the liquid nitrogen also has to have a very good, airtight seal with the CPU. Liquid nitrogen ( cryogenic liquids) is manually transferred in small amounts to computers otherwise, condensation will form and fry components in the CPU and motherboard.
If you have a really high-end pc and want to fully utilize the performance by overclocking it then you can use this solution to decrease the overheating caused by the CPU. This technology is mostly used in competitions to check overclocking performance of top-class computer systems or for some experiments by professionals during gaming or researches to create benchmark records.
1:- It is expensive; if you can afford and really want to try something unique then you can try this after taking expert advice.
2:- It is difficult to manage for continuous everyday use because it can fully destroy your CPU components due to condensation.
3:- It can create a great mess because you can’t enclose the components in a cabinet where you will use liquid nitrogen cooling. The CPU components and the liquid nitrogen parts should be kept wide open to allow the gases to be passed otherwise it can cause problems if kept enclosed.
2:- Water Cooling
Water cooling is a type of passive cooling which uses water to cool computer components like CPU and GPU. It is said to be the best alternative and more effective than air fan coolers to prevent the system from overheating. It helps the computer to run faster and cooler with minimal noise to give the best experience to users. This technology needs radiator combined with fans, reservoir with pumps, tubes and also coolants to work. Water cooling works by running water over each of your components, transferring heat from each part to a radiator that dissipates the heat and keeps the water cool. It is most probably used by high-end pc gamers or for high-end editing tasks to decrease the heat caused after overclocking and to keep the thermals low.
1:- Water cooled PC’s are expensive; so if you want and can afford a high-end pc, you can use this technology to control the overheating problems.
2:- The water can cause corrosion to metal parts; so the system should not contain a single leak otherwise a single drop of liquid can ruin an electronic component.
3:- It is complex to install; especially newbies will face many difficulties while installing it and may destroy their components if experts help is not taken.
3:- Mineral Oil Cooling
It is a type of liquid cooling that uses clear mineral oil which is odorless and completely clear. The mineral oil cooled computers are completely noise free and the oil also prevents rust to occur on the components. The mineral oil used for cooling is non-conductive so the electronics do not short out. After submerging the components in mineral oil, heat generated by the PC is transferred into the mineral oil at a rate over five times better than air. The mineral oil is pumped through a radiator to dissipate the heat into the ambient air which keeps the temperature relatively low. You can remove the oil and use your components again by air cooling if you don’t want to cool your CPU with mineral oil anymore so that is another advantage.
1:- Mineral oil cooled computer systems are heavy and expensive.
2:- It doesn’t contain a radiator like water cooling so the cooling is not very strong.
3:- If you have a CD Rom Drive and want to submerge it in mineral oil, the platters wouldn’t be able to spin at full speed, and the read heads would be restricted from free motion because the viscous oil will get inside the drive.
4:- Kinetic Heatsinks CPU Cooling
This technology is a combination of heatsinks and fans. It also saves space because of the condensation of heatsink and fan into one object. Dubbed “kinetic cooling,” the heatsink is a circular, flat component made from aluminum that, instead of coming with an attached fan, spins and acts as the fan itself. The heatsink-fan combo is composed of two pieces: a metal fan that sits atop a metal plate, which itself rests on the CPU. A bearing allows the metal fan to spin, and the whole device acts as a heatsink. Both parts are composed of thinner metal circles offset from each other. This creates pockets of air between the circles, which helps the fan pull the hot air out and blow it away. Moreover, it creates lower noise than the air fan coolers.
1:- Just as a fan can break down from overuse, so can a heatsink. Because a heatsink absorbs the heat from a processor, it can become hot as well, especially if there is no fan to cool it and if the processor gives off a great deal of heat. A heatsink can actually melt if it becomes too hot, and if this happens, the heatsink will not work properly.
2:- It doesn’t come with a grill or shroud covering the spinning heatsink fan blades for safeties.
Source:- www.extremetech.com & coolchiptechnologies.com
5:- Freon or Refrigerant Cooling
Freon or Refrigerant cooling ( also known as phase change cooling ) is not a long-term cooling solution for most people like liquid nitrogen cooling. If it is implemented properly then it can be a lot better than water cooling. It consists of two big tube coils (condenser and evaporator) and a compressor. The appliance is loaded with a gas known as freon that circulates through a compressor in a way that cools down any given volume in a relatively short time. As the air around your CPU gets cooler, the natural vapour in that air begins to condense. To use freon for cooling you have to cover the whole internal components of CPU with absolutely no humidity.
1:- Condensation can cause great damage to important components of CPU.
2:- Freon contains a whole class of chemicals used in refrigeration. It is not good for your health if you breathe it and the gas can mix up with your room air that can cause harm to you. Freon is something like four or five times heavier than normal air so keeping it where you want, it is hard, plus it isn’t good for the ozone.
3:- It also uses more electricity and is generally noisier due to the compressor.