Microarchitecture consists of a set of microprocessor design techniques used to implement the instruction set (including microcode, pipelining, cache systems, etc). The previous core generations of microarchitectures were Sandy Bridge(2nd), Ivy Bridge(3rd), Haswell(4th), Broadwell(5th), Skylake(6th), Kaby Lake(7th), Coffee Lake(8th) and Cannon Lake(8th/9th). Kaby Lake is Intel’s third Core product produced using a 14nm lithography process, specifically the second-generation ’14 PLUS'(or 14+) version of Intel’s 14nm process. Coffee Lake chips were released on 5 October 2017 and are currently the latest microarchitecture chips available on market.Whereas, Cannon Lake chips are the first generation of 10nm transistor chips process that will be released on 2018. This post is about the second and third generation of 10nm transistor chips process which are Intel’s next-generation microarchitectures “Ice Lake and Tiger Lake“!
Ice Lake Microarchitecture (9th Generation)
Ice Lake is a codename of the next-generation microarchitecture and successor of 8th generation Intel® Core™ processor family. It will be the second generation of Intel’s 10 nm node transistor architecture process after Cannon Lake(mobile) or Coffee Lake(desktop) and the 9th-generation Core processor after its previous generation predecessors. Just like the industry’s leading 14nm microarchitecture chips, Intel is planning to launch three generations of 10nm transistor microarchitecture chips: 10nm, 10nm+, and 10nm++ in the upcoming years which are presumed to be 9th as well as 10th generation core architecture chips.
Ice Lake processors are widely expected to work with Intel’s 400/500 series chipsets. It is also presumed that Intel’s Next Generation Ice Lake processors will come with an integrated 10th generation or 11th generation GPU chips which is not officially confirmed by the company. According to some information provided by Intel, it is known that the Ice Lake chip will be added to the “Computer Vision” computing visual engine to deepen the optimization of mixed-reality applications. Ice Lake microarchitectures will use the latest GPU and CPU architecture, these technical improvements will be able to meet the performance and energy-efficient computing and gaming applications.
Ice lake CPUs could feature 8 cores and 16 threads. It will surely have 10nm+ transistor chips nodes as the Cannon Lake is set to come with 10nm transistor chips. The time or date for release has not been exactly clarified by Intel. Intel is yet to ship their first 10nm Cannon Lake chips which are expected to be released on 2018 for sure. But, Ice Lake is more likely to be released in either late 2018 or 2019. It will therefore probably be the most ambitious generation of Intel for at least 5 years.
Tiger Lake Microarchitecture (10th Generation)
Tiger Lake is also a codename of the next-generation microarchitecture and successor of 9th generation Intel® Core™ processor family. It will be the third generation of Intel’s 10 nm node transistor architecture process and the 10th-generation Core processor after its predecessor Ice Lake’s 10nm+ transistor chips. Tiger Lake microarchitecture will have 10nm++ transistor chips which will be the final version of 10nm Lithographic node generation announced by Intel. Tiger lake CPUs could also feature 8 cores and 16 threads.
It is expected that Intel’s Next Generation Tiger Lake processors will come with an integrated 11th generation or 12th generation GPU chips which is not officially confirmed by the company.Tiger lake CPUs could also feature 8 cores and 16 threads. These CPU’s could have a base clock of 4.5 GHz and will be able to boost to 5 GHz. It is also rumoured that these CPU’s may be based on the Core i7 LGA 1161 socket which will have 10 more pins than the 1151 socket that the current Coffee Lake series of CPUs are based on. More informations about the Tiger Lake microarchitecture are yet to be disclosed by Intel.
The Tiger Lake processors may come with new technologies, such as a dedicated artificial intelligence processor to help make personal computers smarter without hurting battery life.Tiger Lake microarchitecture is expected to be launched in the latter half of the year 2019 or early 2020 and will replace Ice Lake microarchitectures surely.
~Power reduction or energy efficiency is the main goal of these new generations, along with the reduction in transistor costs.