The International Space Station is a large spacecraft. It orbits around Earth. It is a home where astronauts live. People have lived in space every day since the year 2000. The space station’s labs are where crew members do research. This research could not be done on Earth.
A crew of six astronauts and scientists regularly rotate to carry out space-specific experiments while also manage the day-to-day concerns of life in low-Earth orbit. As well as providing a place to live for up to six astronauts, the ISS is home to a wealth of high-tech scientific gadgets and state-of-the-art research kit that you can’t buy from any e-commerce websites or supermarket. In this post, you will know such 5 amazing gadgets you’ll observe on the International Space Station used by astronauts!
Here are the 5 amazing gadgets you’ll observe on the International Space Station:
1: Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS)
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer is a particle physics experiment module that is mounted on the International Space Station(ISS). The module is a detector that measures antimatter in cosmic rays, this information is needed to understand the formation of the Universe and search for evidence of dark matter. This $2 billion scientific instrument took 15 years to develop and was delivered to the ISS in 2011.
The data collected from it helps the Scientists to better understand why, when the universe was first born, matter and anti-matter didn’t annihilate themselves and negate everything after the Big Bang. The detector, which measures 64 cubic meters and weighs 8.5 tonnes, was assembled at CERN.
2: Zero-Gravity 3D Printer
3D printing serves as a fast and inexpensive way to manufacture parts on-site and on-demand, reducing the need for costly spares on the International Space Station and future spacecraft. As of right now, the “Made in Space” 3D printer is the only printer that has been tested in Zero-gravity, but nothing long term.
The printer works by extruding heated plastic, which then builds layer upon layer to create three-dimensional objects. Testing this on the station was the first step towards creating a working “machine shop” in space. It has proved that its printer can successfully produce tools and parts in zero gravity by producing a socket wrench, the first tool ever manufactured away from the Earth’s surface.
3: Red Epic Dragon Camera
The astronauts on board the International Space Station want the results of the photos and videos they captured to look as gorgeous as possible. So, to capture stunning footages of the Earth’s surface as well as some amazing clips inside the body of the ISS they use the $50,000 priced Red Epic Dragon Camera by RED (a digital cinema company) which is capable of shooting at resolutions ranging from conventional HDTV up to 6K, specifically 6144 x 3160 pixels in a single frame.
Robonaut is a humanoid robot designed with the versatility and dexterity to manipulate hardware, work in high-risk environments, and respond safely to unexpected obstacles. Robonaut is comprised of a torso with two arms and a head, and two legs with end effectors that enable the robot to translate inside the ISS by interfacing with handrails and seat track.
Robonaut is currently operated inside the International Space Station (ISS); in the future, it will perform tasks both inside and outside the ISS. The Robonaut Teleoperations System enables Robonaut to mimic the motions of a crewmember wearing specialized gloves, a vest and a visor providing a three-dimensional view through Robonaut’s eyes.
5: Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG)
The Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) is a glovebox aboard the International Space Station. It provides a safe contained environment for astronauts on board the ISS to carry out experiments involving liquids, combustibles, and other hazardous materials they might not want floating around the cabin. Without the MSG, many types of hands-on investigations would be impossible or severely limited on board the Station.
It is one of the major dedicated science facilities inside the Destiny module of the International Space Station (ISS). It has a large front window and built-in gloves to provide a sealed environment for conducting science and technology experiments. Scientists use the built-in gloves to access the versatile facility in order to maintain a completely sealed environment.